Hamarøy

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Hamarøy kommune
Hábmera suohkan
View near Tømmernes in Hamarøy
View near Tømmernes in Hamarøy
Official logo of Hamarøy kommune
Hamarøy within Nordland
Hamarøy within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°04′33″N 15°46′56″E / 68.07583°N 15.78222°E / 68.07583; 15.78222Coordinates: 68°04′33″N 15°46′56″E / 68.07583°N 15.78222°E / 68.07583; 15.78222
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictSalten
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreOppeid
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Britt Kristoffersen (Sp)
Area
 • Total2,020.45 km2 (780.10 sq mi)
 • Land1,837.61 km2 (709.51 sq mi)
 • Water182.84 km2 (70.59 sq mi)  9%
Area rank36 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,766
 • Rank241 in Norway
 • Density1.5/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
4.3%
Demonym(s)Hamarøying
Hamarøyværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1875
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitehamaroy.kommune.no

Hamarøy (Lule Sami: Hábmer[3]) is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Salten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Oppeid. Other villages include Drag, Innhavet, Karlsøy, Korsnes, Presteid, Skutvika, Tømmerneset, Tranøy, and Ulvsvåg.

Troll in Hamarøy

The 2,020-square-kilometre (780 sq mi) municipality is the 36th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Hamarøy is the 241st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,766. The municipality's population density is 1.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.9/sq mi) and its population has increased by 4.3% over the previous 10-year period.[4][5]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Hamarøy was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the part of Hamarøy located on the south side of the Sagfjorden and west of the Veggfjellan mountain (population: 77) was transferred to neighboring Steigen Municipality. On the same date, the Tysnes and Molvik farms (population: 33) was transferred from Hamarøy to the neighboring Tysfjord Municipality.[6]

On 1 January 2020, the western part of Tysfjord Municipality was merged into Hamarøy. This occurred because in 2017, it was decided by the Parliament of Norway that the neighboring Tysfjord Municipality would be divided along the Tysfjorden with the eastern half being merged with the neighboring municipalities of Narvik and Ballangen to form a new, larger Narvik Municipality and the remaining western half will be merged with the municipality of Hamarøy on the same date.[7][8]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the former island (now peninsula) Hamarøya (Old Norse: Hamarøy), since the first Hamarøy Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of Hǫm, the former uncompounded name of the island. The last element is øy which means "island". The former name of the island is probably identical with the word hǫm which means "thigh/leg (of an animal)" because the island (or a part of it) was shaped in the form of an animal's leg. Historically, the municipality name was spelled Hammerø.[9]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was adopted in 2019 for use starting in 2020 after a municipal merger. The new arms are blue with the outline of two swans as depicted in an ancient rock carving seen at Dyreberget in Leiknes.[10]

These arms replace the arms that were granted on 19 February 1982. Those arms showed a white lynx on a blue background. Lynx are common in the area it was chosen for the arms as a symbol for the rich wildlife in the forests of the municipality.[11]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Hamarøy. It is part of the Ofoten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Hamarøy
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hamarøy Hamarøy Church Presteid 1974
Sagfjord Sagfjord Church Karlsøy 1770
Tømmernes Church Tømmerneset 1952

Geography[edit]

Hamarøyskaftet mountain in spring
Map of Steinslandvatnet nature reserve

The municipality of Hamarøy borders the municipalities of Narvik to the north, Steigen to the west, Sørfold to the south, the Vestfjorden to the northwest, and the country of Sweden to the southeast. The large island of Finnøya is located between the Sagfjorden and the Kaldvågfjorden.

Lakes in the municipality include Fjerdvatnet, Forsanvatnet, Forsvatnet, Kaldvågvatnet, Kilvatnet, Livsejávrre, Makkvatnet, Reinoksvatnet, Rekvatnet, Rotvatnet, Sandnesvatnet, Skilvatnet, Šluŋkkajávri, and Strindvatnet.

Nature[edit]

Hamarøy is dominated by small fjords, pine, birch, and aspen woodland and forest, and coastal mountains. There are several nature reserves, such as Trollpollen nature reserve dominated by pine and birch[12] located a few kilometers north of Innhavet, Lilandsvatnet wetland area,[13] Steinslandsosen estuary,[14] and Kvannskogen with old aspen trees with rich lichen flora.[15] The mountain Hamarøyskaftet has long been regarded as nature's own phallic symbol (See picture 1 and picture 2).

Climate[edit]

The warmest temperature ever recorded in Nordland county was 33.1 °C (91.6 °F) on 3 July 1972 on the island of Finnøya in Hamarøy. However, in June 2011 this record was surpassed by the municipality of Saltdal with a temperature of 33.8 °C (92.8 °F).

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Hamarøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[16] The municipality falls under the Ofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hamarøy is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:17
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Cooperation list Liberal Party and political independents
(Samarbeidslista Venstre og partipolitisk uavhengige)
2
Total number of members:17
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Cooperation list Liberal Party and political independents
(Samarbeidslista Venstre og partipolitisk uavhengige)
4
Total number of members:17
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party and politically independent voters
(Venstre og partipolitisk uavhengige velgere)
8
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Collaboration list (Samarbeidslista)5
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Collaboration list (Samarbeidslista)4
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet)
and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
5
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Hamarøy Free Voters (Hamarøy Frie Velgere)3
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
Total number of members:21
Hamarøy Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:25
Hamarøy Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:25
Hamarøy Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
Total number of members:25
Hamarøy Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [31]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)11
Total number of members:24
Hamarøy Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [32]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
Total number of members:24
Hamarøy Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [33]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)8
Total number of members:24
Hamarøy Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [34]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:24

Mayor[edit]

The mayors of Hamarøy (incomplete list):

  • 2019–present: Britt Kristoffersen (Sp)
  • 2015-2019: Jan-Folke Sandnes[35] (H)
  • 2007-2015: Rolf Steffensen (Ap)
  • 2003-2007: Jan-Folke Sandnes (H)
  • 1995-2003: May Valle (V)
  • 1991-1995: Sverre Harald Eriksen (Sp)
  • 1983-1991: Ingvald Sørensen (Ap)
  • 1967-1983: Olav Elsbak, Jr. (H)
  • 1959-1967: Ulrik Normann (H)

Transportation[edit]

Skutvika, with ferry connection to Svolvær

While Hamarøy has a low population density, it sees some traffic during the summer months as the main road connection to Svolvær and the Lofoten islands runs through Hamarøy and its administrative centre, Oppeid. The ferry ride to Skrova and Svolvær is approximately 2 hours and departs from Skutvika (approximately 15 minutes from Oppeid) at regular intervals. In 2008, the ferry schedule was considerably reduced due to the new Lofoten Mainland Connection road. The European route E6 highway runs north and south through the municipality on its way to Narvik. Bus service by Stoklands Bilruter is available between certain villages in Hamarøy.

Economy[edit]

The municipal administration and other public services are located in Oppeid. There is a hotel in the municipality, as well as the scenic Tranøy Lighthouse which can be rented.[36]

Skutvik is a small residential and marina area concentrated around the ferry dock. In the high season the number of cars and motor homes in line for the ferry can be significant. There are a few sights to see in Skutvik, as well as a small bar/cafe and a Statoil gas station.

Knut Hamsun[edit]

Knut Hamsun Centre

The writer Knut Hamsun, winner of the 1920 Nobel Prize in Literature, grew up in Hamarøy. The Knut Hamsun Centre, a museum and educational center dedicated to Knut Hamsun's life and work, finished building in 2009 and opened for the public in June 2010. Knut Hamsun's childhood home is also open for visitors in summer. The Hamsun literature festival was founded in 1982 and takes place in Hamarøy during the first week of August every second year.

Notable people[edit]

Knut Hamsun, 1939

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Karlsen, Tone Anita (2017-08-22). "Ny Narvik tar form". Harstad Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-10.
  8. ^ "Intensjonsavtale Hamarøy og Tysfjord" (in Norwegian). Tysfjord kommune. 2016-12-13. Retrieved 2017-09-10.
  9. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 263.
  10. ^ "Er du klar for nytt kommunevåpen?" (in Norwegian). NyeHamarøy.no. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
  11. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  12. ^ "Trollpollen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  13. ^ "Lilandsvatnet naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  14. ^ "Steinslandsosen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  15. ^ "Kvannskogen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  16. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  17. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  18. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  19. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  31. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  32. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  33. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  34. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  35. ^ "Han blir ny ordfører i Hamarøy". Fremover (in Norwegian). 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
  36. ^ "Tranøy fyr". Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  37. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 01 September 2020

External links[edit]