USS Roanoke in 1950s
|Builders||New York Shipbuilding Corporation|
|Operators||United States Navy|
|Preceded by||Fargo class|
|Built||1945 - 1947|
|Beam||70 ft .5 in (21.3 m)|
|Draft||25 ft (7.6 m)|
|Boats & landing |
|2-4 × lifeboats|
|Complement||1,560 officers and enlisted|
|Sensors and |
|Aviation facilities||2 × aircraft catapults|
The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948–49. They and their contemporaries, the Des Moines-class heavy cruisers, were the last all-gun cruisers built for the U.S. Navy. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed.
The main battery layout was distinctive, with twin rather than triple turrets, unlike the previous Cleveland-class, St. Louis-class, and Brooklyn-class light cruisers. Aside from the Worcesters main battery consisting of 6 in (152 mm) rather than 5 in (127 mm) guns, the layout was identical to the much smaller Juneau-class light cruisers, carrying 12 guns in six turrets, three forward and three aft, with only turrets 3 and 4 superfiring. The 6"/47 Mk 16 gun was an autoloading, high-angle dual purpose gun with a high rate of fire, and the Worcesters were thus designed to serve as AA cruisers like the Juneaus but with much more potent guns, as well as conventional light cruisers.
Both ships were decommissioned in 1958, the last conventional light cruisers to serve in the fleet, and scrapped in the early 1970s.
The Worcester-Class was designed as a departure from the Cleveland-class and Fargo-class cruisers, and an expansion of the Atlanta and Juneau classes.[dubious ] They carried six twin D.P. 6"/47cal turrets on the center-line, of which turrets three and four were superimposed. They carried 24 3"/50 cal AA in eleven twin mounts and two single mounts. The RDF was superb, as they were supplied with four HA/LA.DCT's and two LA/DCT's arranged in lozenge disposition. Their armor was a 3-6" belt, a 3" main deck, a 2" lower deck, 3-4" bulkheads, 4" turrets and barbettes, and a 6.5" C.T. Four Babcock & Wilcox boilers with four shafts and G.E. geared turbines provided 120,000 S.H.P., which could propel these ships at 32.75 knots.
Ships in class
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Laid Down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Fate|
|Worcester||CL-144||New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey||29 January 1945||4 February 1947||26 June 1948||19 December 1958||Struck 1 December 1970; Sold to Zidell Explorations, Inc., of Portland, OR on 5 July 1972|
|Roanoke||CL-145||15 May 1945||16 June 1947||4 April 1949||31 October 1958||Struck 1 December 1970; Sold to Levin Metals Corporation of San Jose, Calif. on 22 February 1972|
|Vallejo||CL-146||16 July 1945||N/A||Construction cancelled 8 December 1945; hull was subsequently scrapped|
|Gary||CL-147||N/A||Cancelled 12 August 1945 prior to the start of construction|
- CL-154-class cruiser, an abortive contemporary design
- Minotaur-class cruiser (1947), a Royal Navy design similar in concept.
- Lenton, H. (1968). American Battleships, Carriers, and Cruisers. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company INC. pp. 94–95.
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